Gout and pseudogout are the 2 most common crystal-induced arthropathies. Gout (see the image below) is caused by monosodium urate monohydrate crystals; pseudogout is caused by calcium pyrophosphate crystals and is more accurately termed calcium pyrophosphate disease.
Like most types of arthritis, psoriatic arthritis is a condition in which the cartilage in the joint breaks down and is essentially worn out. However, psoriatic arthritis is unique in that it can commonly develop due to psoriasis. Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes skin to become dry, red and flaky.
The thumb is involved in about 50% of all hand functions. When the thumb is painful or injured, it becomes very difficult to use the hand. During normal life, we take our thumbs for granted. When the thumb is not working properly, tasks are more difficult, and we then realize how important the thumb is. There are several causes of thumb pain including: (1) trigger thumb, (2) arthritis, (3) tendonitis, (4) carpal tunnel syndrome, and (5) skier’s thumb.
There are several types of anesthesia for patients undergoing hand surgery. These include local, regional, or general anesthesia. The type used depends on several factors. Surgical factors, including the type and length of the surgery are assessed. The patient’s health and other medical conditions are also assessed.